Michigan Birds: Most Common Birds in Michigan (with Pictures)

Many different types of wild birds may be found in Michigan. Some of these species are year-round inhabitants in Michigan, while others are migratory and occasionally visit the state.

It’s difficult to determine the number of bird species in North America, the United States, or even Michigan.

According to Wikipedia, the state of Michigan has at least 450 different bird species. According to one source, North America has 2,059 species, however, only 914 are found in the United States.

Whatever these figures are, they give us a sense of how many species there are. Here is a list of a few of Michigan’s most well-known bird species.

ImageName
northern cardinalNorthern Cardinal
mourning doveMourning Dove
american goldfinchAmerican Goldfinch
blue jayBlue Jay
american crowAmerican Crow
downy woodpeckerDowny Woodpecker
song sparrowSong Sparrow
tufted titmouseTufted Titmouse
northern flickerNorthern Flicker
hairy woodpeckerHairy Woodpecker
dark eyed juncoDark-eyed Junco
house finchHouse Finch
european starlingEuropean Starling
house sparrowHouse Sparrow
red bellied woodpeckerRed-bellied Woodpecker
white breasted nuthatchWhite-breasted Nuthatches
black capped chickadeeBlack cap Chickadee
american robinAmerican Robin
red winged blackbirdRed-winged Blackbird
common grackleCommon Grackle
baltimore orioleBaltimore Oriole
gray catbirdGray Catbird
ruby throated hummingbirdRuby-throated Hummingbird

Common Birds of Michigan

1. Northern Cardinal

Northern Cardinal

Length

It is about 8.3 to 9.1 inches in length with a weight of approximately 1.5 to 1.7 ounces. The wingspan of the Northern Cardinals is about 8.9 to 12.2 inches.

Northern Cardinals are one of the most well-known backyard birds in Michigan and around North America.

Color

Females of Northern Cardinal have lighter brown feathers while males have vivid red bodies. The distinctive Mohawks and red-orange beaks of both sexes make them immediately recognized.

Food

These birds live in Michigan all year and like eating from large trays and hopper feeders. Seeds, berries, and nuts, such as black sunflower seeds, are among their favorite foods.

2. Mourning Dove

Mourning Dove

Length & Weight

The Mourning Dove is nearly 9.1 to 13.4 inches in length, male with a weight of 3.4 ounces to 6.0 ounces and female with 3.0 oz. to 5.5 ounces. The wingspan of Mourning Dove is 17.7-inches.

Mourning Doves, which are somewhat more extensive than American Robins, frequently hang from wires, fences, or trees. They may come to your tray feeder, but they’re more likely to be seen wandering about on the ground.

Color

The grey bodies of these birds are topped with black markings. A distinctive cyan-colored ring encircles their eyes, and their undersides are a soft peach tint.

Food

Although they use feeders, these doves prefer to forage for seeds on the ground. They are attracted to black sunflower seeds in tray feeders.

3. American Goldfinch

American Goldfinch

Length & Weight

The length of the American Goldfinch ranges from 4.3 to 5.5 inches, with a weight range from 0.39 ounces to 0.71 ounces. The wingspan of the American Goldfinch is between 7.5 to 8.7 inches.

Many birdwatchers like the American Goldfinch, often known as the wild canary, especially during the summer. The males have a brilliant lemon yellow color with a black crown and black wingtips in the summer, while olive or greyish-yellow feathers with brown bodies in winter. Like males in winter, females have olive or greyish-yellow feathers and brown bodies, making them appear duller. Chickadees are roughly the same size in both sexes.

Food

In Michigan, you may observe these birds all year and especially like thistle feeders. They may eat black sunflower seeds as well.

4. Blue Jay

Blue Jay

Length & Weight

It varies between 8.6 and 1.8 inches in length with a weight of 2.5 ounces to 3.5 ounces. The wingspan of Blue Jay is 13.3 to 16.9 inches.

Color

The substantial fluffy blue crown that adorns the heads of Blue Jays gives them a unique appearance. Their upper bodies are mainly blue, while their lower parts are off-white.

These birds also have a black circle marking the outline of their neck, giving them a necklace-like appearance.

Food

These birds are regular visitors to platform and peanut feeders throughout the year, as they are year-round residents of the whole state. They consume nuts, seeds, and berries after cracking them open.

5. American Crow

American Crow

Length & Weight

The size of the American Crow lies between 15.8 and 20.9 inches, with weight ranges from 11.2 to 21.9 ounces. The bird has about 33.5 to 39.4-inch wingspan.

Color

The bodies of American Crows are entirely black. They’re big and have a distinctive cawing cry that many people would recognize.

Crows in the United States are also highly clever birds with outstanding problem-solving abilities. They like to stay high in the trees to have a bird’s eye perspective of their surroundings.

These birds are year-round inhabitants of Michigan’s state parks. Because of their enormous size, they are omnivorous and rarely frequent bird feeders.

6. Downy Woodpecker

Downy Woodpecker

Length & Weight

Downy Woodpecker ranges 5.5 to 7.1 inches in length, with weight lying between 0.7 ounces and 1.1 ounces. The wingspan varies in the range of 9.8 to 12.2 inches.

They are Northern America’s smallest woodpeckers. They are always among the first visitors to a fresh bird feeder, which may be found all year in Michigan.

Color

The males’ heads have a distinctive red patch on the rear that makes it easy to distinguish them from females as it is not present in females. Both sexes have black and white striped heads, but smaller bodies than the Hairy Woodpecker.

Food

These birds eat from almost any bird feeder. Their preferred meals are black sunflower seeds and strawberries.

7. Song Sparrow

Song Sparrow

Length & Weight

Song Sparrow and 7.1 to 9.4 inches of wingspan weight vary from 0.4 to 1.9 ounces.

Color

Similar to other brown-streaked sparrows, these birds have mostly brown bodies with deep brown streaks on their white underparts. They may be found throughout North America, with different plumage depending on the area.

Song Sparrow males utilize their unique songs to attract females and defend their nests. They may be seen all year on Michigan’s Lower Peninsula.

Food

They prefer to consume a variety of seeds; therefore, they visit tray and hopper bird feeders.

8. Tufted Titmouse

Tufted Titmouse

Length & Weight

The size of these birds lies in the range of 5.5 to 6.3 inches in length and 7.9 to 10.2 inches of wingspan. Their weight ranges from 0.6 to 0.9 ounces.

In Michigan, these tiny birds are familiar visitors to backyards and feeders. They have unique tiny Mohawks, similar to the Northern Cardinal, that might help you identify them.

Color

Tufted Titmice have silver bodies from the top and greyish white bodies from the bottom. A black mark can also be seen immediately above their black beaks.

Range

You can find these birds all year on the Lower Peninsula. They are, however, uncommon on the Upper Peninsula.

9. Northern Flicker

Northern Flicker

Length & Weight

Their length lies from 10 to 12.2 inches having a wingspan ranges from 5 to 20.1 inches. The weight of these birds is between 9 and 5.6 ounces.

Range

Northern Flickers may be seen in backyards all across the United States, not only in Michigan. They range in size from medium to giant and prefer to eat insects. As a result, they aren’t frequent feeders.

Color

They are distinguished by a red patch on the back of their necks, black patches on their underparts, striped grey, and black wings, and an all-black headband. Yellow-shafted Northern Flickers are found in Michigan and feature yellow feathers on the underside of their wings.

These birds can be seen all year on the Lower Peninsula, but only during the mating season north of there. Consider installing a birdbath in your backyard if you want to attract these birds.

10. Hairy Woodpecker

Hairy Woodpecker

Length & Weight

These birds range from 1 to 10.2 inches in length and 10 to 16.1 inches of wingspan. Their weight is about 2. 4 ounces to 3.4 ounces.

Hairy Woodpeckers seem similar to Downy Woodpeckers, but they are larger and lack the red mark on the back of the neck. Throughout the year, both species can be spotted in the same locations of the state.

Food

Although Hairy Woodpeckers do not visit bird feeders, they are drawn to seed and suet feeders.

11. Dark-Eyed Junco

Dark-eyed Junco

Length & Weight

Their body is from 5.5 to 6.3 inches long, with a 7.1 to 9.8 inches wingspan. The weight of Dark-Eyed Junco varies from 0.6 to 1.1 ounces.

Because Dark-Eyed Juncos migrate to Canada during the summer, they are considered winter birds in the United States.

Color

The bodies are dark with a darker hue on top that fades into lighter grey and white as they approach the bottom. Females and immature Juncos, on the other hand, are buffy brown. Pink beaks are found in both sexes.

You may find these birds all year in Northern Michigan among forested regions and woods. They prefer to remain close to the ground and hop about a lot.

Food

Juncos like to comb the ground for food; hence they don’t attend feeders. Scattering seeds can be an efficient way to attract these birds.

12. House Finch

House Finch

Length & Weight

These birds vary in size from 4.9 to 6.1 inches, having a wingspan that ranges from 8.1 to 10.5 inches. The weight is between 0.6 ounces and 0.9 ounces.

The House Finch is another backyard bird that you may expect to see regularly in Michigan. Although becoming an exotic species, they aren’t as despised as House Sparrows since they aren’t as damaging.

Color

These birds are exclusively found on the Lower Peninsula and may rush to your feeders in the form of horde and flocks. Their male has a reddish hue on their heads and chests and is simpler to recognize than females, who are all brown.

Food

These birds are more likely than Goldfinches to attend feeders. Black sunflower seeds work well for luring them in.

13. European Starling

European Starling

Length & Weight

They vary in length from 7.9 to 9.1 inches and in weight from 2.1 to 3.4 ounces. They have a wingspan range of 12.2 to 15.8 inches.

European Starlings, which are frequently seen as pests, are prime examples of invasive species. Hundred of these birds were released in New York in the 1890s. They’ve taken the county by storm since then due to their extraordinary adaptive abilities.

Color

They wreak havoc on other birds by destroying their nests and killing their young; their beauty masks their destructive behavior. The dark-colored bodies of these birds generate a combination of purple, green, and blue iridescence in daylight, giving them a fascinating appearance.

They have yellow beaks and feet, as well as white spots on their wings and down their backs. They’re year-round residents who may be found all across the state.

Food

Furthermore, their adaptability permits them to consume almost everything. You don’t need to provide any specific food to lure these birds; they’ll come to your backyard on their own.

14. House Sparrow

House Sparrow

Length & Weight

House sparrows have a length ranging from 5.9 to 6.7 inches and wingspan from 7.5 to 9.8 inches. They have a weight lying within the range of 0.9 to 1.1 ounces.

House Sparrows are typically seen as pests. Except for starlings, these are the only wild bird species in the United States that can be lawfully captured and put down painlessly.

They were also made available for free in New York, and they have now spread across the country. They have a reputation for being aggressive toward other birds, particularly in their nesting grounds.

Color

The bodies of these invading birds are brown, with black and dark brown striping on the chests and wings. They’re year-round residents who may be found all across the state.

They’ll consume almost anything, putting native species at risk.

15. Red-Bellied Woodpecker

Red-bellied Woodpecker

Length & Weight

These species of Woodpecker range in size from 9.2 to 10.3 inches and15.7 to 17.8 inches of wingspan. Their weight lies in between the capacity of 2.2 to 3.2 ounces.

These medium-sized woodpeckers are commonly observed in backyards and at bird feeders.

Color

The apparent crimson on their bodies, despite their red-bellied name, is a brilliant stripe that runs down the back of their heads and the length of their necks. The majority of their tummy is white, with a red-washed patch visible if you look closely.

Their wings, which are adorned with distinctive black and white barring, are another distinguishing trait of these birds.

Food

Lower Michigan is home to the majority of Red-bellied Woodpeckers. They prefer suet feeders, although they may occasionally visit seed feeders.

16. White-breasted Nuthatches

White-breasted Nuthatch

Length & Weight

White-Breasted 5.1 to 5.5 inches in length and 7.9 to 10.6 inches in wingspan. Their weight is approximately  0.6 ounces to 1.1 ounces.

The White-Breasted Nuthatch is a famous backyard bird in Michigan, and you may find it all year round. Nuthatches are so named because they bury nuts beneath tree bark and then hatch them out with their sharp beaks.

Color

To recognize these birds, they have a conspicuous black stripe on the top of their heads, grey and black wings, and a white face and belly.

Food

These birds will eat from almost any bird feeder. Their preferred meals are black sunflower seeds and insects.

17. Black Cap Chickadee

Black-capped Chickadee

Length & Weight

Black Cap Chickadee vary from 7 to 5.9 inches in length and 3 to 8.3 inches in wingspan. Their weight is from 3 ounces to 0.5 ounces.

These small birds are visible all year and feature a black cap and bib that contrasts sharply with their white faces. The remainder of their physique is a mixture of black and white.

When you place a new tube, tray, or hopper feeder in your yard, Black-Capped Chickadees will be one of the first birds to greet you.

Food

Seeds, particularly black sunflower seeds, insects, and berries, are favorites.

18. American Robin

American Robin

Length & Weight

They are approximately 9.0 to 11.0 inches in length and 14.7 to 16.5 inches in wingspan. They varies2.3 to 2.8 ounces in weight.

Color

The American Robin is not just a famous backyard visitor but Michigan’s state bird. Its greyish-brown body is contrasted with a rusty orange underbelly and a matching beak.

Food

These birds prefer worms and other tiny invertebrates. They aren’t keen on seeds; therefore, they don’t frequent feeders. To encourage them to your yard, you can utilize mealworms and fruiting plants. Insects, berries, and seeds, particularly black sunflower seeds, are favorites.

19. Red-Winged Blackbird

Red-Winged Blackbird

Length & Weight

These birds range 7 to 9.1 inches in length, and their weight ranges from 1.1 to 2.7 ounces. Their wingspan ranges from12.2 to 15.8 inches.

Color

The red wings of blackbirds make them one of the most immediately recognized birds in North America. Females of this species are predominantly brown with some yellow accents and have a distinct appearance. They are a polygynous species, which means males can mate with up to 15 different females.

In Michigan, blackbirds are only seen during the breeding season, so look for them in the spring and summer.

Food

Red-winged Blackbirds visit a variety of feeders and consume both seed and suet.

20. Common Grackle

Common Grackle

Length & Weight

The size of Common Grackle varies in length from 11.0 to 13.4 inches and 14.2 to 18.1 inches in wingspan. They have a weight range of 2.6 to 5.0 ounces.

Color

Grackles, like starlings, belong to the bully bird family, yet their shimmering feathers make them extremely attractive in the proper light. They are mostly black and they will lodge with some other blackbird species, sometimes in massive flocks of millions. Their uniform coloration and yellow ringed eye make them simple to spot.

Except for a tiny part of southern Michigan, where they live all year, grackles are only seen in Michigan during the mating season.

Food

Grackles are foragers and eat almost anything; they are frequently seen as pests.

21. Baltimore Oriole

baltimore oriole

Length & Weight

The length of Baltimore Oriole ranges from 6.7 to 7.5 inches, with a weight range of 1.1-1.4 ounces. Their wingspan range is 9.1 to 11.8 inches.

Color

Males have a black hood over their heads, dark backs with white wing bands, and orange chests and underbodies. They also have a rump and tail feathers that are orange. Females have a considerably more subdued yellowish-orange coloration.

Baltimore Orioles are wild birds that only visit certain parts of the country, including Michigan, to breed. In the early spring and early summer, keep an eye out for them.

Food

Orioles are berry-eating birds that favor dark-colored berries and fruits. If you have natural fruit-bearing trees and plants in your backyard, you have a good chance of attracting Baltimore Orioles. Set up an oriole feeder and provide jelly and orange halves to attract orioles to your yard.

22. Gray Catbird

Gray Catbird

Length & Weight

The weight of Gray Catbird ranges from 0.8 to 2.0 ounces. Their size ranges between approximately 8.3 to 9.4 inches and wingspan from 8.7 to 11.8 inches.

Color

Most Catbirds have dark slate grey plumage, black crowns on their heads, blackish-grey wings, and long tails. Because they are primarily fruit-eating birds, natural fruit-bearing trees and shrubs should be used to attract them. Their cries, which resemble those of a meowing cat, have earned them the moniker catbird.

Range

Gray Catbirds are only seen during the mating season in Michigan and the rest of the United States.

Food

Fruits, berries, and other delicious treats can be used to attract catbirds, although they prefer to forage for food on the ground or in bushes.

23. Ruby-Throated Hummingbird

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Length & Weight

These birds vary 2.8 to 3.5 inches in length and 0.1 to 0.2 ounces in weight. Their wingspan is between 3.1 and 4.3 inches.

Range

Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are the most abundant hummingbird species in the country; however, they are only found in the eastern part of the country. It is now the only hummingbird type in the Eastern United States that breeds.

Color

Males have a brilliant ruby-red neck, which gives them their name. The backs, wings, and heads of Ruby-throated Hummers are light green, with a white underbelly. The red throat feathers are absent in females.

There may be a few odd migratory species here and there, but Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are the most common hummingbirds in Michigan. From spring through fall, they may be seen all over the state. If you set out nectar feeders in your backyard, Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are pretty frequent.

Conclusion

There you have it, Michigan’s most frequent backyard birds. All you have to do is keep your eyes open and use the facts and descriptions to identify the difference.

FAQ

What are some of the most frequent year-round birds in Michigan?

Downy Woodpeckers, Mourning Doves, Belted Kingfishers, Red-headed Woodpeckers, Red-bellied Woodpeckers, Northern Flickers, Black-capped Chickadees, Red-breasted Nuthatch, White-breasted Nuthatch, and European Starlings are among the most often seen birds in Michigan throughout the year.

What is the state bird of Michigan?

The beautiful American Robin is Michigan’s official bird.

What is the most common bird that you can find in Michigan?

In Michigan, the Black-capped Chickadee is the most frequent bird.

In Michigan, how many different species of birds can you find?

In Michigan, there are over 436 different bird species.

About Lily Aldrin

I am Lily Aldrin and I am an Ornithologist. I have been a passionate bird owner since my teenage years. I have experience with all kinds of birds and founded this blog to share my experience with others.