Most Common Backyard Birds of North America (With Pictures)

Although people usually find rare birds fascinating and thrilling to watch but usually see birds have their own charm too. These common birds become one’s hometown’s identification, and without them, one would feel like there is something missing.

Most Common Backyard Birds of North...
Most Common Backyard Birds of North America

The first thing you do here when you wake up is listening to these beautiful birds sing for you every day.

Not just that, but also they keep you accompanied throughout the day without feeling lonely.

These birds are not very picky about their diet, habitat and are pretty tough for all sorts of environments. Some of these remain in North America throughout the year, while some are commonly seen in a specific season.

Below we have enlisted a few of the most common birds that you will see flying around in North America. Let us know if you have recognized any of these birds in your surroundings.

ImageName
Yellow-Rumped WarblerYellow-Rumped Warbler
American GoldfinchAmerican Goldfinch
Red-Winged BlackbirdRed-Winged Blackbird
Dark-Eyed JuncoDark-Eyed Junco
Red-Eyed VireoRed-Eyed Vireo
Swainson’s ThrushSwainson’s Thrush

1. Yellow-Rumped Warbler

Yellow-Rumped Warbler

The Yellow Rumped Warbler got its name from the fact that they have a striking shade of yellow on their face, sides and have a bright yellow rump. These beautiful migratory songbirds have a stable population and are more abundant than any other species of warblers.

These small birds are interesting and fun to watch but are difficult to observe as they whiz and flash in the open woods. These birds leave their breeding habitats during the fall and return in Spring.

There are also two subspecies of this bird’s yellow-rumped warbler, the Myrtle subspecies, and the Audubon’s subspecies. One of these has wings with a more yellow color and a throat with white color. This species is called the Myrtle subspecies. They inhabit the eastern parts of the US and are common migrants during the winter in Washington.

Some breeds of the Myrtle type are also found in Alaska. The Audobons have a yellow throat but have less white in their wings as compared to the Myrtle type.

Yellow-rumped warblers are highly adaptable and are more versatile than other warblers. Their diet depends upon their habitat, mainly on seasons. Contrary to other warblers, yellow-rumped warblers feed on waxes from blueberries and wax myrtles, a unique adaptation that helps them withstand the cold weather in winters and prevents them from migration.

In summers, insects serve as their power food source. They have a high population of over one hundred and thirty million.

  • Scientific name: They are scientifically named Setophaga Coronata.
  • Size: They range in sizes from 4 to 5 inches in length
  • Weight: They carry weights up to 12 to 13 grams.
  • Color: They have different color patterns in summers and winters. Their color patterns also depend upon their sex. These birds have white and grey wings, and their rumps, sides, and face are shaded with yellow color; that is how they got their name. There is a brighter shade of color in males. Female warblers, on the other hand, have a flash of brown color and are faint colored. In winters, these birds appear light brown in color with a shining yellow rump.
  • Habitat: These birds are highly adjustable as you will see them moving to the residential areas and parks in colder weather. These can adapt to different habitats easily. In the warm summer season, they dwell in deciduous and coniferous forests.
  • Food and feeder preference: Yellow-rumped warblers love to eat insects; some of their favorites include beetles, gnats, grasshoppers, wasps, and many more. Berries are their favorite snack during the winter season. They are the only warblers that can digest waxes from berries and therefore can survive severe cold weather. Since they can ingest berries, they can migrate further north in winters.
  • Conservative Status: They are the Least Concerned with an increasing population
  • Family: They belong to the family of wood-warblers and can be identified by a distinctive song
  • Genus: They belong to the Setophaga genus
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2. American Goldfinch

American Goldfinch

These small migrating birds that can be found across much of North America are known as the American Goldfinch. These birds are known by some other common words, for example, the eastern goldfinch or the willow goldfinch.

All year-round, these birds range from the Atlantic to the Pacific. In winters, they are found in Canada, while in summers, they can be a common sight in Mexico. They are very common backyard birds but are hard to be recognized. Because these birds only feed their young one’s seeds, therefore they are late nesters and do not nest until mid-summer.

  • Scientific name: Scientifically, they are named Spinus tristis.
  • Size: They range in sizes from 4.3 to 5.1 inches in total length.
  • Wingspan: They have a wingspan in inches of about 7.5 to 8.7.
  • Weight: It weighs about 11 to 20 grams.
  • Color: Males are bright yellow with black wings and a black cap on their heads. On the other hand, females are duller yellow-brown with no black cap.
  • Habitat: They are usually found in the Open Woodlands, Weedy fields, open floodplains, and other overgrown areas, particularly with sunflower, aster, and thistle plants for food and some shrubs and trees for nesting. Goldfinches are also common in suburbs, parks, and backyards.
  • Food and feeder preference: These Goldfinches eat seeds mostly, and other than there is not much that they eat. In the forests, you can find them eating seeds from thistles, dandy lines, sunflowers, and ragweed. If one wants to attract these birds to their backyard, they must buy sunflower and thistle seeds. These tiny little seeds make a great meal for the Goldfinches. Get a special feeder with small openings that can hold these small seeds.
  • Conservation Status: they are least concerned and have a stable population.
  • Family: They belong to the Fringillidae family.
  • Genus: They belong to the Spinus family

3. Red-Winged Blackbird

Red-Winged Blackbird

The red-winged blackbird is a very common and decent bird inhabiting the American forests. Agelaius phoeniceusis the name of Red-winged blackbird in the scientific dictionary.

These little songbirds are considered to be very abundant, with 80 million to 130 million of a population. Their voices can be heard throughout the warm season in the forests. This is evident by the fact that these birds continue to sing their short melodies even in warm seasons when other birds stop delivering their voices to the environment.

So they can be called Persistent and active singers of the woods.

These are often found flying very slowly among the top of foliage trees. But they are very hard to see as the foliage trees are very dense and concentrated. These beautiful forest singers seem to be increasing in their kind among other forest birds.

  • Scientific name: Scientifically, they are named Agelaius phoeniceus
  • Size: These small American songbirds are 5.1 to 5.5 inches long
  • Weight: Weighing about 12 to 26 grams
  • Wingspan: They have an impressively structured wing of about 9.1 to 9.8 inches
  • Color: Red-eyed Vireo has a unique body-color transition.
  • Habitat: You will usually find these in the marshy areas. In the cold season, they are seen in grasslands, feedlots, and open fields. They usually nest nearby water bodies and woody areas. They breed in the dryer places, for example, fallow and alfalfa fields, meadows, sedges, etc. These can also be found breeding along with wet places like rice paddies, saltwater marshes, or freshwater lakes.
  • Food and feeder preference: Wasted grains, sunflowers, cocklebur, and ragweeds, which are the seeds of the week, are eaten by these blackbirds in the cold seasons. Insects usually take shelter within the aquatic plants. These insects are eaten by these Red-winged blackbirds. They would use their sharp bills to open up the base of these plants and feed on the insect within. Their feed is different for both cold and warm seasons; for example, in winters, it feeds on seeds of wheat and corn, and in summers, it feeds on various kinds of insects.
  • Conservation Status: With every passing day, their population is seen to increase rapidly. They are very common and abundant around the forests in the United States.
  • Family: They belong to the family of Icteridae
  • Genus: They belong to Agelaius Genus
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4. Dark-Eyed Junco

Dark-eyed Junco

In the Northern parts of the United States, along with Alaska and the woody regions of Canada, you will see these sparrows flying around in the warm season. Mountains and woody areas in the north are inhabited by these so that they could nest there.

They are mostly found in the northern regions where Their population is between one hundred and fifty million to two hundred million in number.

These birds are also known as snowbirds because of their appearance around feeders in the cold season of winter. They have long tails with stout and short bills.

In the winter season, you will find various races, but in the warm season, you will only find five races residing in various locations. These warm-season five races have now been grouped into one species as a whole. They belong to the genus of small grayish American sparrows and a species of Juncos.

  • Scientific name: Scientifically, they are named Junco hyemalis
  • Size: They range in sizes from 5.5 to 6.3” in length. They have medium sizes.
  • Weight: Their weight is about 18 to 30 grams
  • Wingspan: They have a wingspan of about 7.1 to 9.8 inches in total
  • Color: Younger dark-eyed juncos have streaks of pale color. Females do not stand out, while males have striking colors in darker shades. Pale pink is the color of their bills. When they hop on the floor or fly through the sky, you can see the white shade in the feathers of their tails. They have different details in feathers located on different spots over their bodies. They have an abdominal white color with wings and backs of brown color. Their chests, neck, and head regions are of a gray color.
  • Range: They are usually present in colder regions like that of the Arctic. You can also see them in the North American temperate regions. In the cold season, You will see them around residential areas, brush undergrowth, open and mixed woody areas with conifers where they usually breed.
  • Habitat: They usually reside in parks, lawns, roadsides, open fields, wide woodlands in their migratory period or during the cold seasons. These birds are found in both deciduous and coniferous forests like hickory, maple, cottonwood, aspen, spruce, pine, etc.
  • Food and feeder preference: Dark-eyed juncos usually feed on Breadcrumbs, nuts, seeds. They feed on grasses and weed seeds in the cold weather and on seeds and insects in the warmer weather. Their favorite diet is insects and seeds. Their preferable choice of feeder would be the floor set tray feeders, or around the feeder, the seeds that had fallen are preferred by them.
  • Family: They belong to the Passerellidae family
  • Genus: They belong to the Junco Genus

5. Red-Eyed Vireo

Red-eyed Vireo

There are between eighty million to one hundred and thirty million population of Red-eyed Vireo. They are usually quiet during the warmer months, and during other times of the year, they sing beautiful and melodious songs that capture the hearts of the listener. They never get tired of singing these songs.

These birds are so abundant that you will be able to listen to them almost around anywhere in North America. It is hard to get a sight of them as they usually hide in the treetops, which have dense leaves and foliage.

Because they are hard to see, it is hard to believe and is a shocking fact for most bird watchers.

The Red-eyed Vireo is a small American songbird with a long, angular head, thick neck, and a strong small bill.

  • Scientific Name: Scientifically, they are named Vireo olivaceus
  • Size: They range in sizes from 5.1 to 5.5 inches in length.
  • Wingspan: They have a wingspan between 9.1 to 9.8 inches in total
  • Weight: They range in weight from 12 to 26 grams.
  • Color: Young Red-eyed vireo have deep dark-colored eyes. From looking from a distance, you will notice that they have iris of red color. They have yellow, green colors on the bottom side of their tails and flanks. Their eyebrows are white in color with black lines surrounding them and have a crown of a gray color. They have bottom parts of white color and have an olive green color on the top in Adult red-eyed
  • Habitat: You will find them in the Southern part of America in the cold season. In the northwestern and eastern United States, and across Canada as well, they can be found in the open wooded areas when it is the time of breeding.
  • Song: They can sing about twenty thousand different songs. They have beautiful voices with varying pitches for each song that they sing. These birds are the only ones who know such a huge amount of songs. These are known to be the most prolific singers.
  • Food and feeder preference: In the warmer months of the year, The Red-eyed Vireo mainly feeds on insects. You can also spot these birds feeding on the little fruits and berries of various kinds.
  • Conservative status: Their population is rapidly increasing, and They are of the Least Concern.
  • Family: They belong to the Vireonidae family
  • Genus: They belong to the Vireo Vieillot Genus
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6. Swainson’s Thrush

Swainson’s Thrush

These Swainson’s thrush is the residents of the Western mountains and the Northeastern states. They are also found in Alaska and Canadian forests in the breeding seasons. Their population is about a hundred million, so Swainson’s thrush is one of the most common birds in North America.

These birds are not very friendly and like to stay alone. They would be found in the darker regions singing high notes in soft, soothing voices. Their voices could be heard in the fall, and spring seasons, that is, when the skies are clear with shimmering stars.

  • Scientific Name: They Scientifically, they are named Catharus ustulatus.
  • Color: These are reddish-brown in color and have olive color on their tops. Their eyes have a ring of light brown color, and their legs are pinkish in color. Their underparts are of brown color, and they have dark spots on their bodies.
  • Habitat: Their breeding habitat is coniferous woods with dense undergrowth across Canada, Alaska, and the northern United States; also, deciduous wooded areas on the Pacific coast of North America. They migrate to southern Mexico and as far south as Argentina.
  • Range: You will find them in the Northeastern parts of Asia. Also, in Europe’s western parts. From Panama to Bolivia passing across Florida, these birds are present in these places.
  • Song: Even though The Swainson’s Thrush is not so friendly and is mostly hiding, their voices can still be heard and enjoyed. They sing beautiful songs in varying pitches and rhythms.
  • Conservation Stats: Their population is decreasing day by day, and they are of Least Concern.
  • Food and feeder preference: They feed on different berries, fruits, seeds at the time of migration, and at other times they feed on invertebrates, earthworms, and other types of insects.
  • Family: They belong to the Turdidae family
  • Genus: They belong to the Catharus genus

Conclusion

These birds are the most beautiful and the most abundant birds in North America. Almost all of them have amazing and melodious voices that fill the silence of this world with heavenly songs. These birds are not just exceptional in their beauty but in their songs too. Bird watchers from around the world visit North America just to take a glance at these exotic birds and listen to them sing.

FAQ

What birds can I find in my backyard?

You can find these common birds in your backyard:

  • House Finch.
  • Anna’s Hummingbird.
  • Yellow-rumped Warbler.
  • American Crow.
  • White-crowned Sparrow.
  • California Scrub-Jay.
  • Mourning Dove.
  • Black Phoebe.

What is the most common bird in the United States of America?

The Dark-eyed juncos are known to be the most common and abundant birds in North America. They are also abundant throughout America and have a total population of about six hundred and thirty million.

Last Updated on February 20, 2022 by Lily Aldrin

About Lily Aldrin

I am Lily Aldrin. I attended Cornell University, where I obtained my degree to become an Ornithologist so I could pursue my love of these magnificent creatures in and out of their natural habitats.