6 Types of Geese in Texas

Howdy, y’all!

In this article, I’m going to be introducing you to the six types of geese that call Texas their home.

From the majestic Canada Goose to the adorable Snow Goose, we’ll take a look at each species and learn some interesting facts about them.

So whether you’re a birdwatching enthusiast or just curious about the geese you see around your local park, keep reading to discover the wonderful world of Texas geese!

Canada GooseCanada Goose
Greater White-fronted GooseGreater White-fronted Goose
Snow GooseSnow Goose
Egyptian GooseEgyptian Goose
Ross’s GooseRoss’s Goose
Cackling GooseCackling Goose

Types of Geese in Texas

1. Canada Goose

Canada Goose

The stately Canada Goose, scientifically known as Branta canadensis, is a type of waterfowl that is native to a vast portion of North America.

These geese are easily identifiable by their big size and fascinating black-and-white feathers. 

These gigantic birds normally measure between 31 and 42 inches (74 and 108 centimeters) in length and weigh between three and seven kg (2.6 to 6.7 kg). 

They are able to maintain their astonishing omnivorous diets by consuming aquatic plants, grasses, cereal grains, and a variety of insects and other tiny animals when these foods are not available. 

It should come as no surprise that perhaps the Canada Goose has grown to be among the most recognized birds on the planet due to the remarkable traits that it possesses and its strong desire for food.

Breeding populations of Canadian geese often choose to make their homes in regions that provide wetlands, grasslands, or open water.

When the opportunity presents itself, they will also colonize agricultural lands.

The Canada goose is a highly sociable bird that congregates with other individuals of its kind in huge numbers when migrating.

While they are not moving, they will often congregate in smaller groups of between 2 and 12 individuals. 

These migratory birds use rivers, lakes, and coastal areas as their travel routes.

During the mating season, these birds become very territorial and aggressive against any other geese who try to invade their territory. 

At this time, the males make loud honking noises while the ladies make high-pitched cackling noises.

Both of these behaviors are elements of the courting ritual, which assists in luring a spouse.

The state of Texas is home to a wide variety of open water and marsh environments, which make it possible for Canadian geese to spend the whole year in the state.

During the warmer months, you could even see them in urban areas, such as playgrounds or golf courses. 

They like to hang around in places like these.

These magnificent birds migrate back through its Lone Star State once winter approaches as part of their traditional migratory patterns; hence, it is not uncommon to see them in a number of our wetland areas during this time of year.

2. Greater White-fronted Goose

Greater White-fronted Goose
Credits: Wikipedia

Greater White-fronted Goose is a species of goose that is endemic to the state of Texas.

This species may be identified by its white head, brilliant orange beak, and red feet and legs. 

It possesses a feather that is a mixture of grey and brown, as well as a body that is covered in this feather when it is foraging on land near estuaries, marshes, and riverbanks. 

It is looking for plants like grains and grasses that are growing there or on nearby farmland.

Since it is a ground feeder, it is more active out of the water rather than in it, which makes it a very remarkable animal to see.

In comparison to other varieties of geese, the Greater White-fronted Goose is noticeably smaller.

Its height ranges from 21 to 26 inches (53 to 65 centimeters), and its wingspan may be anywhere from 40 to 47 inches (102 to 118 centimeters). 

At the time of the year when they are breeding, these birds usually only form single pairs, and the males are responsible for the safety of both their companions and their young. 

They are notably noisy birds that, when required, are capable of producing loud screaming and screeching sounds for communication purposes. 

On the other hand, vast flocks of them might be observed congregating together at times of migration or throughout the winter months.

The Greater White-fronted Goose spends the winter months across Texas after migrating there from its nesting sites in the northern parts of Canada and Alaska. 

While doing so, this species may be seen wandering across marshes, riverbanks, estuaries, and grasslands at any time of day or night – especially when there is an abundance of food. 

However, human actions like hunting and the loss of habitat caused by the draining of wetland areas for agricultural purposes put the species in danger of extinction; as a result, conservation initiatives have been established across Texas in an attempt to conserve them.

It is imperative that preventive steps be implemented in order to keep the Greater White-fronted Goose population across Texas healthy and robust.

These steps include restricting hunting activities and maintaining wetland habitats. 

In addition, it is essential for the continuation of this species to educate people about the relevance of the role it plays in the ecosystem. 

If we are successful in putting these plans into action, we can anticipate that the population of these birds in the region will continue to increase over the course of the next several years.

3. Snow Goose

Snow Goose

The Anser caerulescens, more often known as the Blue Goose, is a species of geese that is indigenous to North America.

This bird, which typically ranges in length from 23 to 29 inches and has a mean wing span of 47 inches, is simple to recognize thanks to its white plumage, pink, black wingtips, reddish feet, and legs.

Its length often falls between 23 and 29 inches.

Snow Geese are omnivores by nature, and their diet consists mostly of the roots, tubers, and stems discovered underwater, as well as the leaves.

Nevertheless, they have been known to ingest tiny crabs, mussels, and insects when such foods are readily accessible.

In the springtime, Snow Geese may be seen breeding in the northernmost parts of the state of Texas.

These geese prefer meadows and settings that are similar to tundra.

They seek shelter in estuaries and other types of wetlands when the summertime and winter seasons approach.

Snow Geese are very gregarious birds that flock together whether they are in the air traveling from one location to another or just standing still on the ground. 

In addition to being social animals, these geese are also extremely chatty; if you happen to be passing through those areas at the right time, you could just overhear them having a conversation with one another.

4. Egyptian Goose

Egyptian Goose
Credits: Wikipedia

The Egyptian Goose, scientifically known as Alopochen aegyptiacus, is a big species of waterfowl that inhabit parts of Africa and southern Asia.

It is quite easy to see. 

Because of how quickly it reproduces, it has been classified as an exotic species in the state of Texas, in which it was introduced.

This specific breed has been known to reach a length of up to 25 inches and has wingspans that exceed 46 inches!

On its breast and wings, it has lighter brown plumage that is intermingled with darker spots, and on its forehead, it has grayish-brown plumage that is accented by two black spots positioned on each side. 

Its distinctive coloration gives it a striking appearance.

The orange-red bill tapers down into a pointed black tip, which serves as an additional distinguishing feature between the various species.

In terms of their natural environment, Egyptian Geese prefer to make their home on grasslands and marshes, although they are also able to live in agricultural settings without any problems.

It is possible that you may see a flock of them feeding on grain farms or other types of crops. 

While traveling in big groups, the members of this species are noted for making loud honks and cries to one another in order to communicate with one another.

These geese get the majority of their nutrition from plant life, such as grain, aquatic shrubs, and fruits.

However, they do occasionally supplement this diet with small fish, insects, and mollusks when they are available. 

This is particularly true if you happen to be in the great state of Texas, where freshwater rivers and lakes produce food plentiful.

5. Ross’s Goose

Ross’s Goose
Credits: Wikipedia

The Anser rossii goose is easily identifiable due to its medium size and distinctive dark gray body with a white face.

This goose is endemic to North America. 

In fact, this species is distinguished from the other geese in its genus by having a shorter neck and a rounder head, not to mention its prominently pink beak.

A Ross’s Goose normally weighs between two and three lbs and has a size of between 24 and 31 inches, a wing spread of between 34 and 38 inches, and a length of about 25 to 32 inches. 

This species favors crops, including clovers, sedges, tubers, and roots that are cultivated naturally or via agricultural fields as its food source.

There are large populations of Ross’s Geese in the middle of the USA and Canada.

These geese may be found in a wide variety of habitats, including pastures, ponds, meadows, lakes, and marshes. 

Particularly, they have been seen in the eastern half of the state of Texas, particularly in the regions close to Galveston Bay and in a variety of coastal wetlands such as Padre Island National Seashore.

The Ross’s Goose is an extremely sociable species of goose that travels in big groups quite often.

These geese are known to engage in seasonal migration, however, there are groups that are known to spend the whole year in the southern sections of their habitat. 

Breeding occurs in Ross’s Geese throughout the spring and summer months when they construct their nests close to wetlands and other water bodies.

As soon as winter hits, they make their way to agricultural fields, where there is plenty of grain for them to consume throughout the season.

6. Cackling Goose

Cackling Goose
Credits: Ebird

The Cackling Goose, also known as Branta hutchinsii, is a tiny goose species that is endemic to North America.

It is distinguished by its black and white feathers with grayish-brown accents throughout the body and wings. 

Its bill is rather small and black, with a bright yellow patch located towards the base of the tip.

The length of these birds often falls between 21 and 28 inches, and they may weigh up to 5.8 pounds.

Cackling Geese feed primarily on grains, aquatic plants, and grasses that grow inside their natural environments in the waterbodies of Texas. 

However, during the winter season, they migrate south along the coast in search of hotter areas, and as a result, they become residents of coastal regions across North American states.

The ever-present goose is notorious for the aggressive and protective behavior it displays while guarding its territory and breeding grounds from other geese and other predators. 

In addition to forming flocks, these birds are known to socialize with geese of many other species, including Canada Geese, and to honk in a peculiar manner that can be heard across the landscape. 

In general, these birds migrate in large groups.

They are more territorial during the mating season.

However, they also exhibit a communal parenting approach with certain other members of the same species, which adds still another degree of intricacy to a creature that is already exceptional.


In conclusion, Texas is home to a diverse range of geese species that provide a beautiful sight to behold for nature lovers and birdwatching enthusiasts.

From the striking colors of the Ross’s Goose to the iconic honking of the Canada Goose, each species has its unique characteristics and behaviors that make them fascinating to observe.

While some species like the Snow Goose and the Brant Goose are only winter visitors to Texas, others like the resident Canada Goose can be seen all year round.

Whether you’re watching them migrate in large flocks or admiring them as they swim gracefully in ponds and lakes, there’s no denying the beauty and charm of these magnificent creatures.

So next time you’re out and about in Texas, keep an eye out for these amazing geese species and appreciate the wonder of nature that surrounds us.


What is the most common type of goose in Texas?

The most common type of goose in Texas is the Canada Goose, which can be found all year round in various parts of the state.

When is the best time to see geese in Texas?

The best time to see geese in Texas is during the fall and winter months, when many species migrate south to escape the colder temperatures of the north.

Where can I see geese in Texas?

Geese can be found in many places throughout Texas, including lakes, ponds, rivers, and wetlands. Some of the best places to see them include state parks and wildlife refuges.

Are geese dangerous?

While geese are generally not dangerous, they can become aggressive and territorial during nesting season or when they feel threatened. It’s important to give them plenty of space and avoid getting too close to their nests or young.

What do geese eat?

Geese are primarily herbivores and eat a variety of plants, grasses, and grains. They also occasionally eat insects and small invertebrates.

Why do geese fly in a V-formation?

Geese fly in a V-formation to conserve energy and improve their aerodynamics. The lead goose creates a draft that makes it easier for the other geese to fly, and they take turns being the lead goose to share the workload.

Last Updated on May 7, 2023 by Lily Aldrin

About Lily Aldrin

I am Lily Aldrin. I attended Cornell University, where I obtained my degree to become an Ornithologist so I could pursue my love of these magnificent creatures in and out of their natural habitats.

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