New Mexico Birds: Common Birds in New Mexico (With Pictures)

Last Updated on March 21, 2022 by Lily Aldrin

New Mexico is a place where many birds reside, and one important factor is its topography. New Mexico borders Texas, Arizona, and  Colorado.

These three states in the united states are on the top of the list for birding destinations.

It is at the crossroads where important biomes adjoin together. The state has a significant portion of the western Great Plains, Rocky Mountains, Chihuahuan Desert, Great, Madrean Sky Islands, and  Basin Desert.

Below are mentioned some birds that are very common to see in New Mexico.

Dark-eyed juncosDark-eyed juncos
American robinAmerican robin
House finchHouse finch
Western bluebirdWestern bluebird
Mourning doveMourning dove
Northern flickerNorthern flicker
Spotted towheesSpotted towhees
American crowAmerican crow
Canyon wrenCanyon wren
White-winged doveWhite-winged dove
Western kingbirdWestern kingbird
House sparrowHouse sparrow
White-breasted nuthatchesWhite-breasted nuthatches
Greater roadrunnerGreater roadrunner
Barn swallowBarn swallow
Black-chinned hummingbirdsBlack-chinned hummingbirds

Common Birds of New Mexico

1. Dark-eyed Juncos

Dark-eyed Junco

Dark-eyed Juncos have several variants, but in the United States, you will most commonly see the more greyish one, approximately two-thirds of its body in grey color, and underneath portion is white.


Dark-eyed juncos are of various colors depending primarily on which state they reside. So the environment and that state are a determiner of their color. In the east, they are greyish, and in the west, they are brown.

New Mexico is peculiar because it is one of the few states where all variants of dark-eyed juncos can be found. They mostly feed on seeds and insects in summer.


Dark Oil Sunflower seeds and suet can draw in this bird, yet you will need to utilize a ground feeder and certainly spread a few seeds on the ground around the feeder just to assist with getting their considerations.

2. American Robin

American Robin

They have a wide variety of adobes, and they have multiple habitats from tundra to forest they are widely seen. They are also very comfortable around people and can be seen very often in your backyard. Easily seen, having their heads of black color and their back is red and orange breast.

American robins are very much common, and they can be witnessed everywhere. They can be found in your backyards. They are in parks, lawns, forests. They rarely visit bird feeders. They are insectivorous.


As insects and worms are very much common in our lawns, American robins are easily seen in our lawns feeding on their favorite meals. Moreover, they are fond of eating berries and wild fruits, which is why American robins are also witnessed in the wilderness.

3. House Finch

House Finch

They are one of the most common birds that are abundant in number. They can be easily witnessed in the eastern and western parts of the country. They are pretty much easily attracted by feeders, and you can have their attention very much easily. 


Their back is brown, and their tails are also of brown color. More ever, their face is red. Although their female counterpart is not completely red and has a grayish-brown color


Primarily they eat insects, and also, they find their meals on the ground and trees. They also feed on feeders, so they are a bit socializing birds. You can attract these birds by installing feeders in your backyard as well.

They are seen a lot in gardens, parks, backyards, farms, etc. They can also be observed in open woods, grasslands, and also deserts.  

They prefer to feed on nuts, berries, wild fruits, and seeds. Usually, they tend to feed on vegetables and green food but very rarely, they feed on insects also. 

4. Western Bluebird

Western bluebird

They have a very beautiful blue color on their heads their throats, and their feathers. Their breast is of orange color that is rust in the shade, and that color extends from their breast to down their limbs. Females generally have a dim and duller color. They can be easily seen in your lawns and backyards, though not so much at feeders.

They can be easily seen through the length and breadth of New Mexico all year round. Although they may be absent in the northeastern corner and during winters, they fly towards southern parts. 


The most favorite meals of the western bluebirds are mainly insects in summer and arthropods, and they are also insectivorous like American robins. Moreover, they also feed on raspberries, blueberries, junipers, and all sorts of berries are very much liked by these beautiful blue creatures.

Read:  14 Birds with Long Beaks

5. Mourning Dove

Mourning Dove


Mourning doves are smaller in size with a beautiful, elegant body. They have elongated tails that are very much attractive. Their heads are small, and mourning doves have a fascinating body structure that has black spots on the wings and is of soft brown color. They are fluffy birds having a dense amount of feathers.


They can be seen resting on phone wires and scrounge for seeds and their meals on lawns, fields, and grasslands. Mourning Doves are easily observable in open regions or on the edge of forest and wilderness. They are almost in every state but tend to migrate after the breeding season.

They like eating cracked corn black sunflower feeds. If one needs to attract mourning doves to your lawns and backyards, they can do it by spreading millet on the field. 

6. Northern Flicker

Northern Flicker


Northern flicker belongs to the woodpecker tribe. They are large in size and are large woodpeckers. They have a brown color and have spots of black color all over them. Underneath the tail and the feathers, the major part is yellow in the birds that dwell in the east, and the western birds have these features of red color. 


They can be a witness on the ground looking for their food, is mostly beetles and ants in forest edges or jungles. Those birds that tend to breed in northern areas like Canada or Alaska most likely migrate downward to southern states where the temperature is temperate than the harsh, severe winter in the north. 

They are easily attracted to backyard feeders that consist of suet or have sunflower seeds and also black oil.

7. Spotted Towhees

Spotted Towhee


Spotted Towhees are big sparrows whose heads and throats are of black color. Males have black backs, whereas their female counterparts have a brown color. Both of the genders, male and female, have brown sides more like a reddish-brown and bellies are of white color, and tiny white spots exist on the feathers and the wings. Moreover, they have an elongated tail similar to a Robin.


They can be found on the ground in thick entangled shrubs searching for bugs, ground dwellers, crawlers, honey bees, crickets, and grasshoppers, just like the American robins. Other than this, they also eat oak seeds, berries, and seeds.

They reside along the Pacific coast yet fly from the central states in the north after they are done with breeding and show up in winter in huge numbers from north to south across every central state.

You can draw in a huge number of Spotted Towhees to your backyard if there are overgrown leaf borders, and they will most likely pay a visit to the little bit heightened feeders or ground feeders for oil sunflower seeds, cracked corn, millet black, hulled Sunflower seeds, and milo.

8. American Crow

American Crow

American crows are enormous all-dark birds that make a harsh, cawing sound. They are normal birds found in many environments, including treetops, fields, woods, seashores, or towns.

They are majestic black beauties and can be easily witnessed throughout the length and breadth. 

Habitat & Food

These creatures are usually scavengers, and they eat most things they can find in the ground ranging from worms, fruits, seeds, and insects. They also feed on fish, baby turtles, mussels and will also feed on eggs and tiny small baby infant birds.

Normally they are amongst the few flying creatures that also feed on meat as well as fruits, berries, veggies. They can also be witnessed on garbage heaps looking out for a meal.

They are the most abundant one, and in usually northern areas, they are of full black color, but down in southern states, they might have a greyish neck and the remaining body of black color.

9. Canyon Wren

Canyon Wren

Canyon wrens are common to see in the Grand Canyon. They are found throughout the western region of the United States and Mexico.


They have a long, thin, curved bill. They have small wings and tiny backs that are red in color, blended with high pigment brown. Their tails are long that are brighter.

The flanks of the birds, lower portion of their breast, and the underbelly of this bird are rust-red too, and from beneath the beak till the highest portion of the breast, they are of white color. This white shading stretches out evenly nearly to the rear of the head, with the leftover upper part of the face being the banded patterns, with heavier brownish color than the rust.

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These birds have long, bent, yellow and dark bills.


As the name proposes, they flew on greater heights as compared to their small sizes. These birds are most frequently going to be found somewhere in the range of 1000 and 6000-foot heights, dwelling in canyons and slopes.

They should be visible in certain parks now and again, and they range out to looking for food sometimes and then, so watch out, and you may very well recognize a Canyon Wren.


They like to feed on nuts; berries can be found in the woods. Moreover, they are also fond of eating insects and crawlers that usually dwell on the ground.

10. White-winged Dove

White-winged Dove

They are usually found in desert towns. They are a bit bigger in size than a Mourning Dove. Also, they have more muscle mass and a muscular neck than a mourning dove, having a tail that is squarer in structure.

However, having short sizes and are slender. 


They are brown in color, and their under-tail part is of black color and has a broad white tip. They have wings of white colors. 

They are observable in southwestern America and the Caribbean. That can be seen searching for water. Mainly they are a summer resident in the region.


They prefer seeds, berries, and some fruits as well. They feed on many seeds; those can be off wild plants. Also, they can cultivate corns; they eat grains, seeds, and fruits of the saguaro cactus.

They prefer eating on a feeder that is on a raised platform from the ground. They will eat dark oil, sunflower seeds, and corn.

11. Western Kingbird

Western Kingbirds

The Western Kingbird is a bird family that is found in North and South America. They don’t tend to migrate and are more nonstationary birds, so it stays in a single region all year.

It eats insects, bugs, and blue jays. They are in abundance and have beautiful colors.


Western kingbird’s heads are of gray color, and their bellies are yellow, the frontal part that makes up their breast portion is white, and the throat is likewise. Their tails are of black color. 

A few different realities concerning these birds are that they have specifically highly contrasting patterns or plumage with a solid yellow stripe on their eyes. The male has a very dark chest area, while the female has a chest area that is brownish in color.


The kingbird is a mediocre excellent flycatcher that never ceases to hunt its target. They are found in the central and northern parts of America. 

The Western Kingbird is a type of bird in the Tyrannidae family. It is found in the United States, Peru, Columbia, Argentina Bolivia. Its normal, natural surroundings are subtropical or tropical high-height shrubland, swamps, and intensely corrupted previous timberland.

 These birds and insectivorous in nature, but it is not a hard truth. They can also feed on fruits and berries.  

12. House Sparrow

House Sparrow

These beautiful creatures live the summer in cold regions of the far north in Alaska and Canada; then, they come south to the United States during the winter. They are very easy to find and are in great numbers.


Their foreheads are of white color .house sparrows have a bold black and white striped head while the rest of their face, chest, and body remain brown, having shades of black and white color in it. 

They like to look for their meals in fields and along with the suburbs of the trails and can also they can be seen on the sideways roads. These sparrows will come to bird feeders but are most likely to stay on the ground and pick up spilled seed. 


Their origins were in the Middle East, and then they spread to most of Asia and Europe. Introduced in South America, Africa, Australia–nearly anywhere there are people and cities. 


They eat grain, seeds, and bugs. To deter them from your container and plate feeders, don’t take care of birds’ human food scraps. They have a touch of trouble eating from tube feeders.

13. White-breasted Nuthatches

White-breasted Nuthatch

White-breasted Nuthatches are dynamic and hyperactive little birds that have their backs of blue color, their face is of white color, and their midsection is of darkish color.


They look for their food along the trunks of trees and branches just like woodpeckers do, but they don’t need their tail for any surplus support; instead, they use their strong legs and strong hops.

They do not very much often feed on the ground. They frequently visit feeding hotspots in search of sunflower seeds that they most likely store. These birds are noisy birds and have, and there is a wide range of voices that these birds can make.

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They can be found in the wilderness, backwoods, forest edges, yards, and parks with trees or at feeders. They predominantly eat bugs, including bugs and their hatchlings and their eggs, caterpillars, subterranean insects, and furthermore bugs.

14. Greater Roadrunner

Greater roadrunner

Maybe no species brings out pictures of the desert southwest more than the Greater Roadrunner. They are in abundance in New Mexico, roadrunners are normal in some Albuquerque suburbs, and will even visit feeders often when planning to eat mealworms.

They can be witnessed in the early morning with their feather and wings perched on fence posts or puffed on rocks. Normally this phenomenon is known as sunbathing. Around evening time, desert temperatures can get so chilly that roadrunners will go into a condition of slowness. 

Sunbathing in the first part of the day permits the birds to bring their internal heat level back up without utilizing a lot of energy. To assist with this, the skin on a roadrunner’s back is dark, expanding the bird’s capacity to absorb as much heat as it can because dark colors are good heat absorbers and poor emitters. 

 The state bird, the Greater Roadrunner, shows up on everything from gift espresso cups to city paintings. Its similarity is even painted on the vehicles of the Albuquerque-Santa Fe trainline, which is known as the Rail Runner.

15. Barn Swallow

Barn Swallow

In-flight, the barn swallow shows up in a cone shape with a head that is flat in shape, shoulders that are broad, and wings that are pointed. The tail of the barn swallow broadens from the wing, and the long feathers of the tail give it a look more like a fork. The size of the outbuilding swallow is somewhat greater than the tree swallow and modest than the bluebird.


The wings, tail, as well as the back of the barn swallow, is blue, while the beneath part is rosy brown. Usually, the males are more vibrant colors. 

And brighter than the females. The blue-colored crown and face work out in a good way for a warm shade of brown on the forehead and the throat. White spots should be visible under the tail. 

Barn swallows join different swallows for feeding when the insects of the marine life hatch eggs, barn swallow hunt on them.

Animal barn swallows love to catch bugs from simply over the water or ground with the assistance of their wings. They never coast on-air and like to fly with a steady flow, which assists them with taking sharp turns and rapid quick dives.


Barn swallows can be effectively spotted in open fields, parks, gardens, and on streets. Other than that, they are additionally normal to found in swamps, lakes, glades, as well as waterfront waters.

The homes of outbuilding swallows are spotted effectively, which are generally worked under sheds, spans, and different developments.


Barn swallows are most likely to feed on insects, and close to 100% of their eating preferences and diet contains little bugs. Moths, grasshoppers, house and pony flies, insects, wasps, wild honey bees, winged subterranean insects, and genuine bugs are a portion of their beloved food.

16. Black-chinned Hummingbirds

Black-chinned hummingbirds

Dark chinned Hummingbirds are dull metallic green on the back and grayish-white under. The male birds have a dark throat with a bright, luminous belly and breast, and the females usually don’t have a bright appearance like males have.


They can easily adapt to different habitats and can be found in riparian regions and arid as well. They like more to be in shaded areas and are usually found in mountain foothills, canyons, and urban and suburban gardens and parks.

They can frequently be seen sitting at the highest point of dead trees on small uncovered branches and regularly return to a most loved roost. They can be found along gorges and waterways in the southwest or by obscure oaks on the Gulf Coast.


Dark chinned Hummingbirds breed in eastern states and move to western Mexico, the Gulf Coast, in the colder time of year. They eat nectar, little bugs, and insects, and their tongues can lick 13-17 times each subsequent while benefiting from nectar.


To draw in more Black-chinned Hummingbirds to your yard, make nectar made with sugar and water in Hummingbird feeders and local trumpet blossoms in red and orange.


What is New Mexico’s state bird?

Chaparral, aka or Roadrunner, is New Mexico’s state bird.

What is the most common bird that you might find in New Mexico? 

House Finches, Rock Pigeons, White-breasted Nuthatches are more common.

How many numbers of birds species normally dwell in New Mexico?

Up to an estimated 433 different species are living in New Mexico Birds.

About Lily Aldrin

I am Lily Aldrin. I attended Cornell University, where I obtained my degree to become an Ornithologist so I could pursue my love of these magnificent creatures in and out of their natural habitats.