Maryland Birds: Common Birds in Maryland (With Pictures)

Last Updated on November 17, 2022 by Lily Aldrin

Maryland is filled with natural beauty. You can enjoy the cool breeze while watching the beautiful sunset by the Potomac River, or you could go Bird watching. Birds are in vast majorities with diverse species in the State of Maryland. There are almost around 450 species of birds found here.

The State government and even the people are trying their best to protect these beautiful birds.

Most of the birds seen in Maryland live there throughout the year, while others are migratory birds who only visit this State in some specific seasons.

Carolina ChickadeeCarolina Chickadee
Northern CardinalNorthern Cardinal
White-throated SparrowWhite-throated Sparrow
House FinchHouse Finch
Eastern BluebirdEastern Bluebird
White-Breasted NuthatchWhite-Breasted Nuthatch
Red-eyed VireoRed-eyed Vireo
Indigo BuntingIndigo Bunting
Carolina WrenCarolina Wren
Song SparrowSong Sparrow
Northern MockingbirdNorthern Mockingbird
Northern flickerNorthern flicker

1. Carolina Chickadee

Carolina Chickadee


Carolina Chickadees are cute little birds that have big heads with a black-colored cap and neck that differentiates them. They have a white-colored belly and cheeks with dull gray backs, wings, and tails.

Chickadees are not scared of humans at all. They do not mind when they see humans near them or the feeders. They are teeny tiny birds. They can easily be recognized from a distance by their black-colored bib and cap.

Their cheeks are enhanced with white color; they have wings and backs in gray color. Their bottoms are fuzzy and very lightweight.


They are usually found in forests, parks, or backyards. It is hard to tell the difference between black-capped Chickadee and the Carolina Chickadees as they have a lot of similarities. These only interbreed at places where the overlapping of their range exists.


If you want to attract these cute Carolina Chickadees to your home feeders, then try to add sunflower oilseed, suet, peanuts, or Nyjer seeds to these feeders. They are not too picky, so they can feed on different kinds of feeders, for example, the tube feeder, platform feeders, suet cages, etc.

More Info on Carolina Chickadee

  • Frequency: 46.98 percentage points
  • Color: They have a Blackcap with a black-colored throat and whites on their cheeks. They have a Light gray back, wings, and tail.
  • Habitat: evanescent forest, park, suburb, and the backyard of your home
  • Range: In the USA ( TX, Fl, NJ, and Ks)
  • Size: 4.5 into 5.1 in long
  • Weight: 9 to 12 grams
  • Diet: small Insects, juicy berries, and seeds
  • Family: Paridae family
  • Genus: Poecile genus

2. Northern Cardinal

Northern Cardinal

Northern Cardinals are mostly seen around places with bushes. These commonly visit the backyard feeders and can be seen anywhere around you. A the time of dawn and dusk, these Northern Cardinals together in a group are seen feeding on safflower in the evening.

This time of their feeding of safflower is called the “Cardinal Cocktail Hour.”


The most common birds in Maryland have northern cardinals at the top of the list. These birds are easily seen and recognized throughout the country, especially in Maryland. Northern cardinals like to sit on heightened trees and random bushes that are about 30 feet of distance from the feeders.

This is because they like to stay close to feeders where they can easily get food and water for themselves.


Male northern cardinals have red-colored feathers with a black mask. At the same time, females are lighter in color, like somewhat tawny brown colored with red in between. Both of these birds can be spotted very easily by looking at their crest.

The crest of northern cardinals looks like Mohawks at the tip of their head. They have mixed colored beaks like a mix of red and orange color.

More Info on Northern Cardinal

  • Frequency: 16.32 percentage point
  • Habitat: woodland, city park, gardens with lots of greenery, backyards of homes, wetlands, etc
  • Color: Usually, it is in red color with a black mask on the front side of its face; I have a short bill too.
  • Range: United States of America, Mexico, Canada
  • Size: 8.2 – 9.3 in
  • Diet: Fruits, seeds, berries, and insects (grasshoppers, beetles, snails)
  • Weight: 33 to 65 grams
  • Family: Cardinalidae family
  • Genus: Cardinalis genus

3. White-throated Sparrow

White-throated Sparrow


White-throated Sparrows have a unique head with different black and white strips. It consists of a throat whose color is white (not the dull white but bright white). It was also recorded that these birds have the color yellow in the center of both eyes and also the bill. They have a brown color on their backs, and on the bottom side, they exhibit grey colors.

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White-throated sparrows are usually seen in the forests and even along the edges. They are usually seen in big flocks. These birds do migrate in some desirable seasons. These would generally, in the season of winter, move towards the south of the country into the southern states. They usually breed in Canada before they move towards the south side of the State.


White-throated Sparrows are attracted by the millets and the black sunflower oil seeds feeders. These feeders are left in the backyards of the residents so that White-throated Sparrows form attraction towards them.

More Info on White-throated Sparrow

  • Frequency: 25.87 percentage point
  • Color: They have a mix of brown and gray colored patterns. They also consist of the black and white strips which are present on its head, in its white throat. There Is also the color yellow near the eyes.
  • Habitat: ephemeral forest and thicket, wide-open grasslands, your backyards, and roadside.
  • Range: the Eastern North America and Atlantic Canada
  • Size: 5.9 – 7.5 in long
  • Weight: 22 to 32 grams
  • Diet: Seeds, small insects, and berries
  • Family: Passerellidae family
  • Genus: Zonotrichia genus

4. House Finch

House Finch

House finches are common in Maryland. If you do not see them at your bird feeders, then they will probably be at treetops. They come back quickly, though, for sunflower heart and safflower feeders. They eat nyjer but usually, you will see them eating leaves. They do not usually fly alone; you will see them in a flock, so among themselves, they bicker a lot. Even if there is a threat or a loud sound, they will not fly away too far from their initial location.

They can make different kinds of sounds with their voice. Sometimes it’s the casual chirping; then sometimes they make soft noise of chirping, which is not annoying; instead, these are very calming.


They prefer treetops, rooftops, and fences even though they originally stayed on the grounds. But now, because of excessive human intrusion, these birds have shifted to the treetops.

More Info on House Finch

  • Frequency: 24.23 percentage point
  • Color: Streaks of brown color on their backs, Reddish face, and red-colored upper breast, belly, and tail too.
  • Habitat: urban or suburban areas, treetops, rooftops, fences, backyards, edges, yards, and parks
  • Range: Canada, USA, Mexico
  • Size: 5 to 6 inches
  • Weight: 16 to 27 grams
  • Diet: sunflower, Aphids, seeds, grains, nettle, berries, dandelion
  • Family: Fringillidae family
  • Genus: Haemorhous genus

5. Eastern Bluebird

Eastern Bluebird

Bluebirds, just as their name suggests, are blue in color with an orange-red belly. They are pretty common in Maryland, but you will not see them around feeders much. You may be able to attract them to your birdhouse in the mating season. Most people want them to be attracted to their birdhouses, and that is the reason behind the success of the bluebird house industry in the USA.

Female and males are almost similar in color, with the female being a little dull in color than the male bluebird. Bluebirds are migratory birds. They tend to migrate in several regions of the world but not in the State of Maryland. Here, in this State, you will be able to see these birds throughout the year.

More Info on Eastern Bluebird

  • Frequency: 21.67 percentage point
  • Color: Has blue wings, head, and back with a reddish-brown breast or an orange-red belly.
  • Habitat: Open woodlands, orchards, and farmlands.
  • Range: From Southern Canada to the Gulf states, south to Arizona, and East of the Rockies to Nicaragua
  • Size: 5.5 to 7.1 inches in its length
  • Weight: 20 to 33 grams
  • Diet: insects and many other invertebrates
  • Family: Turdidae family
  • Genus: Sialia genus

6. White-Breasted Nuthatch

White-breasted Nuthatch

White-Breasted Nuthatches are the most usually seen type of nuthatch in Maryland. They like peanuts and love sunflower hearts, so to attract them, you can use these in your bird feeders. These like to rest on trees in between their flights towards the feeders. They do not directly move to the feeders. They will most likely be seen around feeders whenever there are more birds feeding there.

The males of White-Breasted Nuthatches species are larger than the female by 2 to 3 inches of difference.

More Info on White-Breasted Nuthatch

  • Frequency: 26.83 percentage point
  • Color: has a black-colored cap on its head, a bluish-gray upper body with a brown belly. It also Has a white-colored face, flanks, and chest.
  • Habitat: Deciduous forests, rivers, conifers, parks, roadside, backyards,
  • Range: Southern Canada and the USA
  • Size: 5.9 inches
  • Weight: 20 grams
  • Diet: Acorn nuts, ants, hickory nuts, scale insects, caterpillars, pine weevils
  • Family: Sittidae family
  • Genus: Sitta genus
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7. Red-eyed Vireo

Red-eyed Vireo


Red-eyed Vireos, also known as Vireo Olivaceus, have olive green-colored backs and wings. They have a medium-sized length. They also have some gray color on their shoulders and the tips of the wings. There will be some lighter shades of Oliver color under the tail in the flank of Vireo. They also have long tails of an olive color with some highlights of a gray color.

Their face has white in the lower parts.

Red-eyed Vireo has long and black or silver-colored bills with a hook at the tip of their bill. To differentiate adults from youngsters, just look in their eyes. If you see red color, then they are adults. These birds have a silver crown and eyebrow spots above their eyes which make them look like an angry king.

Their face is olive-colored with a few whites in between. For example, the chin has some white, and above and below the line of the eye, there is a white color present.

More Info on Red-eyed Vireo

  • Frequency: 23 percentage points
  • Color: olive-green above and pale yellow and white below.
  • Habitat: Large deciduous forest, specifically the deciduous trees with big leaves, for example, maple leaves. They are also found in parks, roadsides, backyards,
  • Range: Southern Canada and the USA
  • Size: 6 inches
  • Weight: 0.4 to 0.9 oz or 12 to 26 g
  • Diet: Acorn nuts, ants, scale insects, caterpillars,
  • Family: Vireonidae family
  • Genus: Vireo Vieillot genus

8. Indigo Bunting

indigo Bunting

The indigo bunting, also scientifically known as the Passerina cyanea, has male and female distinctions. The males have stunning and easily detectible features. They have a bright light indigo blue all around their body with a black line on their face that stretches towards the front part of the eyes.

They also have a tiny crest which can be seen when these birds puff. They also have wings and tails of length about medium size, and these have a gray shade in them.

Female Indigo Bunting has a light brown to olive color with a breast streak and underbelly of light shade too. They have a white neck with blue tinges sometimes. The males of white color will be seen with a blue and brown mix patch.

The blue color starts to dominate as they age. Their bills are stout and medium length with a conical shape.

More Info on Indigo Bunting

  • Frequency: 23 percentage points
  • Color: olive-green above and pale yellow and white below.
  • Habitat: Large deciduous forest, specifically the deciduous trees with big leaves, for example, maple leaves. They are also found in parks, roadsides, backyards,
  • Range: Southern Canada to north Florida and from southern Florida to northern South America
  • Size: These birds measure 4.7 to 5.1 inches in length and have a wingspan of 7.5 to 8.7 inches.
  • Weight: 0.4 to 0.9 oz or 12 to 26 g
  • Diet: Acorn nuts, ants, hickory nuts, scale insects, caterpillars, pine weevils
  • Family: Cardinalidae family
  • Genus: Passerina Vieillot genus

9. Carolina Wren

Carolina Wren

The Carolina Wren is a rare and occasionally seen species of the Bird Wren. These birds like to stay in open spaces, unlike most birds who prefer nesting near the trees and nesting boxes.

This species of bird is usually found in northern to the mid part of North America, and specifically, it is found in the south of Labrador, Canada, and some are even found near southern Florida, Texas, Georgia, Louisiana, and Tennessee’s coastal regions.

The Carolina Wren favor the wet and moist areas. You will usually see them in the places like marshes and shallow pools. Not just these, but also they can thrive in the desert dry areas where there is hardly any water.

More Info on Carolina Wren

  • Frequency: 24.91%
  • Color: Black cap with black throat and white cheeks. Light gray colored wings, back, and tail.
  • Habitat: Common in open woods and backyard in the southeastern region. They also live in suburban areas too.
  • Range: USA States of New Jersey, Texas, Florida, and Kansas
  • Size: 4.5 to 5.1 inches in length
  • Weight: 9 to 12 grams
  • Diet: Mostly feed on insects, especially caterpillars, true bugs, beetles, crickets, grasshoppers, etc., and Also on spiders, some millipedes, and snails.
  • Family: Troglodytidae family
  • Genus: Thryothorus; Vieillot
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10. Song Sparrow

Song Sparrow

The Song Sparrow bird is a commonly seen ordinary bird that has a medium size. These range across different States like the State of Arkansas, Oklahoma, Maryland, Texas, and New Mexico. It is the most versatile, riches, and most widespread species among all of the native species of sparrows in the Northern part of America.

These birds are provided with plenty of sustenance on the roadsides feeding points for the wild birds. These birds can also be found along the roads and railways, and other areas with open spaces.

They will be seen in places where they can have easy access to food and shelter, and that is usually in the southern half of the United States.

More Info on Song Sparrow

  • Frequency: 36.64%
  • Color: Gray colored head, white-colored cheek, a black bib, and a rufous neck
  • Habitat: Urban centers, edges, farms, yards, backyards, and parks
  • Range: Europe, Africa, Mediterranean, Australasia, Asia, and the Americas
  • Size: 5.5 to 7.0 inches
  • Weight: 25 to 40 grams
  • Diet: Grains, seeds, and insects
  • Family: Passeridea family
  • Genus: Passer genus

11. Northern Mockingbird

Northern Mockingbird

The Northern mockingbirds are found in the southern part of the United States, usually in the large forests with big trees like oak, hollow trees, pine, maple, and other thick trees. They nest near the places where they can easily get their feed too.

They get their food from the tree roots of these trees they are found in.

The female species are somewhat smaller than the male species of the northern mockingbird. These males have sizes up to 11 inches in length. They are active during the night and are primarily Nocturna.

They hunt during the dark but can also be seen in the daylight too.

More Info on Northern Mockingbird

  • Frequency: 24.14%
  • Color: Gray upper body with white bottom parts of the body. Wing bars of Black and white color.
  • Habitat: Forest areas, parks, and gardens
  • Range: Southeastern regions of Canada, United States, Cayman Islands, Northern Mexico, and the Greater Antilles
  • Size: 8.0 to 11 inches in length
  • Weight: 40 to 58 grams
  • Diet: Berries, seeds, fruits, earthworms, arthropods, and occasionally lizards too
  • Family: Mimidae family
  • Genus: Mimus genus

12. Northern Flicker

Northern Flicker

In the early twenty century, The Northern flicker was recorded for the first time. After which, they became the center of attention for researchers for their identification and status. Except for the Southern parts of the United States and the Cayman Islands, The Northern Flicker is a native species to all of Northern America.

It migrates laterally across the Atlantic towards the north of America. This bird is found to be thriving in almost all the regions of its range.

More Info on Northern Flicker

  • Frequency: 21.58%
  • Color: Light brown in color with the back having black bars across it and also on chest, wings, belly
  • Habitat: Forests, woodlands, backyards, edges, yards, and parks
  • Range: North America, Cayman Islands, Central America, and Cuba
  • Size: 10 to 14 inches
  • Weight: 85 to 165 grams
  • Diet: Insects, ants, invertebrates, beetles, fruits, seeds, and berries
  • Family: Picidae family
  • Genus: Colaptes genus

Check out this article on Types of Woodpeckers in Maryland and Birds of Prey in Maryland.


If you are a bird fan and you would love to have birds visit you every day in the State of Maryland, then we have some amazing tips for you. You can attract the birds through bird feeders.

The type of feed you put in these feeders will decide which bird visits you as the diet for each type of bird is different. Along with this, you can also put up a fountain or a stream for birds to drink clean water from.


How many different birds are in Maryland?

Around 450 birds species have been recorded in the State of Maryland, and half of these bird species are residing and nesting in the United States. The most common of all these birds is the Carolina chickadees, with a frequency of 46.98 percentage points.

How do I identify a bird in my backyard?

You can identify the birds in your backyards through several approaches of noting their voice, color, behavior, and the markings on them. You can also use the field guides to help you with identifying the bird type.

What are the top 10 most common birds?

  • Carolina Chickadees (46.98 % frequency)
  • Northern Cardinal (16.32%)
  • American Robin (51.76%)
  • American Crow (39.15%)
  • Blue Jay (28%)
  • Song Sparrow (25%)
  • Red-winged Blackbird (25%)
  • European Starling (25%)
  • American Goldfinch (24%)
About Lily Aldrin

I am Lily Aldrin. I attended Cornell University, where I obtained my degree to become an Ornithologist so I could pursue my love of these magnificent creatures in and out of their natural habitats.