Alabama is home to a variety of native bird species. There are approximately 452 distinct species of birds in Alabama that may be spotted at various periods of each year. Mississippi, Louisiana, and Arkansas share a border with Alabama, and as a result, their birds are similar.
Birds in Alabama found in Alabama vary from common species like the Northern Cardinal to uncommon species like the Cassin’s Kingbird. Alabama’s state bird is the Northern flicker, which was designated as such in 1927.
The Northern flicker is sometimes known as the yellowhammer because of its yellow underwings that can be seen in Alabama at any time of year.
|Great Blue Heron|
This article outlines what Alabama birds you could see in your yard and when they’re most active. In addition, we’ve included a photo and description section to assist you in identifying the most common birds that may be seen in Alabama backyards.
Table of Contents
- 1. Bewick’s Wren
- 2. Brown Pelican
- 3. Dark-Eyed Junco
- 4. Cooper’s Hawk
- 5. White-Throated Sparrow
- 6. Eastern Wood-Pewee
- 7. Curve-billed Thrasher
- 8. Eastern Towhee
- 9. Red-Eyed Vireo
- 10. Brown-headed Nuthatch
- 11. Great Blue Heron
- 12. Indigo Bunting
- 13. Cedar Waxwing
- 14. Common Yellowthroat
1. Bewick’s Wren
Thryomanes bewickii is the scientific name for this little bird that is exclusively located in North America or Canada. Carolina Wren has a comparable body shape and size to them.
Their black plumage and loud voice, which they use to lure females during mating and also to advertise their territory, set them apart. They like to construct their nests near water sources and highly wooded places.
In addition to its brown hue, its feathers or rump are coated in grey and black feathers.
Length & Weight
The Bewick’s Wren has an 8-inch wing as well as a 5.1-inch body length. On average, a Bewick’s Wren counts about 0.3 and 0.4 oz (8 -12 g).
The young are identical to the adults. However, their plumage is a little different in color. The Bewick’s Wren feeds on little insects found among the greenery. Their diet also includes nuts, berries, and some seeds.
This species can be spotted feeding birds at bird feeders in several parts of North America. They regularly visit the bird feeders, which provide suet, hazelnuts, or wheat seeds, along with other items.
2. Brown Pelican
The Brown Pelican, which is alternatively called Pelecanus occidentalis or Common Pelican, is a big bird found throughout Alabama.
Length & Weight
The brown pelican is a huge aquatic bird with a wingspan of approximately 7 feet and a weight of close to 8 lbs.
Having a white-brown head and a pale yellow cap, the mature pelican, is dark greyish to silvery in color. Youngsters have a greyish-brown coloration with a white underbelly. Pelican possesses lengthy bills, small legs, and webbed fingers, as well as an inflatable bag 3 times the volume of its stomach.
The two pelican varieties found in Alabama include the brown pelican as well as the American white pelican. Five additional species can be found in a variety of places across the globe. Brown pelican is the tiniest member of the pelican family, noted for flying down above the surface of the ocean and plunging for food.
3. Dark-Eyed Junco
Juncos possess dark grey faces, throats, backs, flippers, and tails and are found in northeastern America. It’s known as the “slate-colored” kind. Its belly is white from the top of its head towards the end of its tail. Instead of grey, females can exhibit a shiny brown look.
Juncos have a light pink beak as well as a rounded body shape, which are some distinguishing features to look for while recognizing these birds. In woodlands and forested places, they may generally be observed bouncing around on the floor.
Throughout Maine, Dark-eyed Juncos may be seen year-round. Juncos may regularly visit feeders. However, these birds prefer to take food that has fallen on the floor beneath your feeders from various birds. They eat a wide range of seeds.
4. Cooper’s Hawk
The Cooper’s Hawk, which is alternatively called Chicken hawk, is a huge bird found throughout Alabama.
Cooper’s hawk is moderate-sized species with small, rounded wings and a lengthy, thin body. These birds have a strong tail with multiple black stripes crisscrossing it and a noticeable whitish stripe at the end.
The Cooper’s hawk possesses a deep blackhead and a paler neck, alongside a bluish-grey rear. During flying, the extended striped tail stands out further than the tiny, rounded wings. In youngsters, the eyes are yellowish, then orange, and eventually turn red in grownups.
The apex of the curving beak is blackish, while the bottom is blue. Legs and claws have a bright golden hue. Male hawks are often shorter compared to females, but they exhibit eloquent colors.
They are accipiters, a type of hawk that hunts largely beneath treetop height and feeds mainly on tiny birds and animals. The Cooper’s hawk has a peculiar flying path that consists of many quick wing beating followed by a short phase of gliding.
While chasing its victim, Cooper’s hawk exhibits rapid speed and wild enthusiasm. The title “blue darter” comes from its habit of darting across the woodland and forest floor in search of little birds.
5. White-Throated Sparrow
The White-throated Sparrow is a tiny songbird belonging to the Passalidae family of sparrows. This bird is only found in the northern areas of the United States. Their white necks are well-known.
Length & Weight
They are relatively little, with a body length ranging from 15 to 19cm and a wingspan of only 23cm. An adult White-Throated Sparrow weighs between 20 and 30 grams. The adults’ plumage is striped, with two black and one white stripe in the center of their heads.
Male and female White-throated Sparrows have nearly identical appearances, body sizes, and colors. They build their breeding nests among tiny bushes or on the ground. Worms and other tiny insects found in trees or crawling on the floor are eaten by them.
The White-throated Sparrow is only found in Alabama during the winter months, from October to April. The White-throated Sparrow has a 14 percent observation frequency in Alabama, according to bird watchers’ observations.
6. Eastern Wood-Pewee
The Eastern Wood-Pewee is a little flycatcher that is only found in North America. The Eastern Wood-Pewee looks similar to the Western Wood-Pewee, but its cry is distinct. The Eastern Wood-male Pewee and female share an identical look.
The juvenile birds differ from the adults in a few ways. The above parts of the adult Eastern Wood-Pewee have a lovely gray-olive color. Their breasts are olive-gray as well. Two pale bands go across their wings.
Their wings have sharp edges, and their beak has a black top section and a somewhat yellow interior part. The Eastern Wood-Pewee is a songbird that makes a beautiful call to lure females for breeding.
The Eastern Wood-Pewee has a body length of 13.5 to 15 centimeters and a wingspan of nearly 9.1 to 10.2 inches.
The females sit on three to four eggs that they have laid. For the female, the male offers food and protection. The Eastern Wood-Pewee is an omnivore bird, which means it can consume practically any type of food.
Insects and larvae are their favorite foods. They also consume vegetables, fruits, berries, and plant seeds. If the bird feeders give suet as food, they will come more often.
7. Curve-billed Thrasher
The thrasher bird is a moderate mimed bird belonging to the Mimidae group. The bird’s name comes from its curled beak. This raptor may be found across the United States and Mexico.
Although that was one of the species that will allow individuals to touch them, if they feel threatened, they can become aggressive. From dark brown to light brown, the Curve-billed Thrasher’s feathers have almost little variation in hue.
The top regions are darker, and the feathers appear to be covered with scales or patches. The underbelly, breasts, and neck, on either hand, are all gray-brown.
Length & Weight
The Curve-billed Thrasher measures 10.6-11.0 inches in length and almost 13.4-13.6 inches in wingspan. The Curve-billed Thrasher is a medium-sized bird that measures between 2.1 and 3.3 ounces as an adult. They prefer to live in crowded regions.
Larvae, caterpillars, insects, centipedes, and snails are all eaten by Billed Curve Thrashers, which are insectivorous birds. This bird will also consume vegetables, berries, and fruits. Nuts, grains, and the seeds of small plants and weeds are among the foods they ingest. This bird visits the bird feeders for food as well.
8. Eastern Towhee
The Passerellidae group of passerine birds includes the Eastern Towhee, a small worldwide bird.
Because of its rufous-sided markings, the Eastern Towhee is also known as the rufous-sided towhee. They have a lovely look with a feather coat that is a mixture of black plus red colors.
The Eastern Towhee has rufous on both sides and a white belly. This bird possesses a lengthy and has white dots or borders. The Eastern Towhee has scarlet eyes. Males and females have minimal differences in appearance.
Males do have a black tail & upper chest, while females have a brown rear and upper body.
Length & Weight
The Eastern Towhee has a wingspan of roughly 20 to 30 centimeters and a length of 17.3 to 23 cm on average. A male Eastern Towhee may range anywhere between 32 and 53 grams when they are mature.
Habitat & Food
Eastern Towhees build their nests in shrubs or small trees. They have a beautiful song that they perform to entice mates to join them. The Eastern Towhee consumes a wide variety of tiny insects, such as flies, beetles, and worms.
9. Red-Eyed Vireo
In the eastern United States, Red-Eyed Vireos are among the most common summer birds. They relocate to America for the mating period after spending the winters throughout South America. The backs and tails of these birds are shaded as olive in color. Likewise, they have lighter chests and bellies.
Their eye has a black stripe running through it. These birds feature a black cap as well as a whitish brow. As the name of Red-eyed Vireo suggests, it features a red eyering. During the dark, though, it might be tough to see, and its eyes appear black.
Although they are abundant, these birds are seldom seen unless you go out of your way to look for them. This is only due to their nature of not coming down from the trees very often. Keep the focus on the trees in your yard. Pay heed to their melodies and whistles, which you might hear all over the place this summertime once you learn to recognize these birds, as vireos are known for conversing the whole day.
Red-eyed Vireos can be found all around Maine throughout the springtime and early summertime. Red-eyed Vireos eat bugs primarily and do not use bird feeders whenever these birds visit America during the hot season. Plant indigenous deciduous trees or plants that attracts insects to lure Red-eyed Vireos to your garden.
10. Brown-headed Nuthatch
The Brown-headed Nuthatch belongs to the Sittidae species and is a tiny bird. This is a bird that is indigenous to Mexico and Southeastern America. The Brown-headed Nuthatch is a gorgeous bird with a brown head and multi-colored plumage.
In the rear, feathers, as well as the above parts, are gray-blue, black, or brown. These birds have white-gray bottoms with a hint of brown. The Brown-headed Nuthatch has dimorphism, which means that the men and females are somewhat different. Females are slimmer and lighter than men. The feminine Brown-headed Nuthatch possesses distinct color feathers than the males.
The female Brown-headed Nuthatch has a distinct color plumage on her body. The female Brown-headed Nuthatch communicates by using a high-pitched cry. The Brown-headed Nuthatch consumes largely tiny insects of various kinds.
Length & Weight
Fully grown Brown-headed Nuthatches are 9 to 11 centimeters (3.5 to 4.3 inches) in length, while they have a wingspan of nearly 16 to 18 centimeters (6.3 to 7.1 inches).
A Brown-headed Nuthatch weighs approximately 10 to 12 grams when fully grown up. A high-pitched voice is used by female Brown-headed Nuthatch birds to communicate.
Bumblebees, worms, and moths are among their favorite foods. They also consume a variety of tiny seeds and fruits. The bird feeds on berries and grains from various plants. They frequently come to the bird feeders for food and water.
In Alabama, the Brown-headed Nuthatch may be observed all year. The Brown-headed Nuthatch does have an occurrence probability of 11% in Alabama, as per bird observers’ reports.
11. Great Blue Heron
The Great Blue Heron, which is alternatively called Ardea herodias, is a huge bird found throughout Alabama. The Great Blue Heron is 46″ long and features a wingspan of 72″.
It is a huge greyish bird having a dagger-like beak with lengthy legs, as well as a snowy crown and blackish stripe stretching over the eyes and a whitish neck striped with black color. Adults with intricate feathers over the head, throat, and rear possess a yellow beak. Adults that aren’t reproducing don’t have feathers, and their bills are yellower.
Young birds possess no feathers and a blackish crown. The necks of all herons are folded when they soar. Cranes, ducks, ibises, swans, and seabirds, on the other hand, all glide with their necks outstretched.
12. Indigo Bunting
The Indigo Bunting is a tiny cotyledons bird belonging to the Cardinalidae group of birds. This bird is indigenous to North America, but during the winter, it migrates to the southern United States.
When migrating, they generally relocate at nighttime and spend their time seeking food. This bird is so named because its feathers are indigo blue in hue. The male Indigo Buntings have a gleaming blue indigo coloration with indigo wings, stomach, and bottoms, whereas the female birds are brown.
The male Indigo Bunting’s wings are likewise blackish in color. Females possess grey-white bottoms and brown as well as dark brown above parts. The Indigo Bunting is renowned for its seed-eating behavior; they rely nearly exclusively on seeds found in fields to survive.
The male Indigo Bunting has a gleaming bluish-indigo coat that covers its wings, back, head, bottom, stomach, and over parts; the female, on the other hand, is brownish.
The male birds’ wings are likewise black in color. Females possess greyish-white bottoms and brownish bottoms.
Length & Weight
A fully grown Indigo Bunting’s overall length ranges from 11.5 to 13 centimeters (4.5 to 5.1 inches) to 18.5 to 23 centimeters (7.1 9.1 inches), with a wingspan of nearly 18 to 23 centimeters (7.1 to 9.1 inches). A fully grown mating male bird may weigh anywhere from 11.2 to 21.4 grams.
They forage the ground for seeds, which they then consume. They consume grains, berries, cherries, or vegetative stuff in addition to seeds. The Indigo Bunting consumes both large and small insects. They also go to other regions to gather food from bird feeders.
In Alabama, the Indigo Bunting can only be seen throughout the summertime. The Indigo Bunting has a 14 percent observation probability in Alabama, as per bird enthusiasts’ reports.
13. Cedar Waxwing
The Cedar Waxwing is a medium-sized bird belonging to the Bombycillidae family. It’s a penultimate songbird with a high-pitched call used for interaction. The Cedar Waxwing is a tiny brownish bird having lustrous silky grey and lemon yellow streaks on its feather coat.
In addition, these birds wear a black mask that conceals their full face. A brilliant red dot sits in the midst of silky brown plumes on their wings. This bird likewise possesses a brown crest on top of its head. The eyes of this bird are blackish, and a stripe runs from the forehead to the rear of the skull. Its beak is small, yet it is powerful enough to crack nuts and tiny bugs.
Length & Weight
The Cedar Waxwing has a total length of nearly 6 to 7 inches (15 to 18 centimeters) and a wingspan of 8.7 to 11.8 inches (22 to 30 centimeters). A fully grown Cedar Waxwing bird weighs around 30 grams. The mother Cedar Waxwing waits on the eggs while the male mates in the vast woodlands.
The Cedar Waxwing consumes a variety of small berries as well as fruits from a variety of small plants, including evergreens, hawthorn, dewberries, and redwood. Larvae, worms, and maggots are among the minute creatures eaten by this bird.
If they hatch near a human neighborhood, they will also frequent bird feeders for food. In Alabama, the Cedar Waxwing may only be seen from the wintertime, from October to April. The Cedar Waxwing is observed 8 percent of the time in Alabama, as per bird monitors’ records.
14. Common Yellowthroat
The Parulidae family includes the Common Yellowthroat bird. This is a tiny bird found in most parts of Alabama. They’re common across North America. This bird’s neck appears lemon-yellowish, just like the name of this bird manifests.
A black stripe runs from the rear to the eyes, then back to the rear of the head over this Common Yellowthroat bird. The rear of this Common Yellowthroat appears olive in color.
A greenish-yellow shade covers the bird’s wings as well as over parts. The Common Yellowthroat’s male and female are a bit distinct from each other. Males wear full-face black masks. Males and females may easily be distinguished and categorized into two sexes as a result of this.
The Common Yellowthroat bird can be seen in modest concentrations across Alabama throughout the year. As per findings of bird watchers in Alabama, the Common Yellowthroat is only seen 6% of the time.
Alabama is a fantastic spot to expand your birding interest outside of your own backyard. In case you are fond of exploring these birds, the Alabama Audubon Society offers meetings and birding trips. If you reside in Alabama and want to expand your bird list, have a look at this list of popular birding places in the state. This article has enlisted and discussed the birds that are widely distributed throughout the state of Alabama. Enjoy exploring the state in search of these common birds with our guide on hand.
What are some of the most prevalent year-round birds in Alabama?
The Belted Kingfisher, Downy Woodpecker, Eastern Phoebe, and Tufted Titmouse are among the most regularly spotted birds in Alabama all year.
What is Alabama’s state bird?
Alabama’s state bird is the lovely Northern Flicker.
What bird is the most common in Alabama?
The Northern Cardinal is perhaps the most frequent bird in Alabama.
How many distinct bird species could visitors locate throughout Alabama?
Alabama is home to over 452 different bird species.